Our colleagues at NextInpact thus noted a letter published in the Official Journal on Tuesday, response from Bernard Cazeneuve to deputy Patrice Verchère who questioned the public authorities on the rapid implementation of measures to combat illegal overflights.
Several weeks ago, numerous overflights of the city of Paris were spotted, while a few months earlier, it was EDF nuclear sites that were subjected to suspicious aerial observations.
The Minister of the Interior then evokes a few avenues: "Deterrence of malicious use of civilian drones can be strengthened by toughening legislation" " By making it possible to impose an additional confiscation penalty, either not an increase in the quantum of the penalties incurred in Title III of Book II of Part VI of the Transport Code, or by the insertion in this code of a new article providing for it ".
In other words, the arsenal of sanctions could be revised upwards, the currently maximum penalty provided for in article L632-4 of the Transport Code providing for up to one year imprisonment and a 75,000 euro fine non-compliance with the safety rules applicable to drones.
Later in the text, Bernard Cazeneuve evokes the fact that the establishment of a drone registration file "is an option". Since the current framework is based in part on the Transport Code, the user of a drone could be involved in the registration of his device as are all pilots owners of civil aircraft, but "The consequences should be assessed beforehand, particularly in terms of file management that would result from it".
The other option would be the installation of a beacon allowing to identify and locate the drones "As part of the capacity and legal response to malicious drones, the electronic identification of drones in flight using transmitted signals, facilitating their detection, is also an area of work likely to give rise to legislative action. the same applies to the insertion into flight software of civilian drones manufactured and used in France, areas prohibited from overflight ". The last axis seems to be most likely to be implemented quickly and to provide an effective solution.
Finally, the text also mentions the responsibility of the users of these drones, with the setting " in the study"of" compulsory insurance scheme for the use of drones for leisure purposes. "
If most of these initiatives seem logical and well founded, it is hard to imagine the authorities carrying out license checks, insurance and other compliance with each drone user. It should also be noted that few manufacturers of these devices have currently commented on these different lines of thought and that it seems obvious that the implementation of an overly rigid frame should automatically lead to a drop in sales.