The data stored on a computer is as valuable as it is vulnerable, and all that is needed is a sudden crash of the hard disk or a computer virus to lose it all.
It is therefore essential to make regular backups of your private and professional documents, photos, movies that you were finally able to copy on your PC, etc. Also, use cloud services to save them.
In this tutorial, we explain how to back up and restore all of your data with Windows 10 preloaded programs and the OneDrive cloud. We also present three software that can be used as an alternative.
Note that this tutorial is also for users of Windows 8 and 7.
What is a backup?
There are two types of backups. The first is to copy a document or a file (audio, video, photo) stock on your computer to an external hard drive.
The second is a copy of the Windows system and its contents (programs, configurations, drivers).
With this full backup, you will have the opportunity to restore Windows in full.
Such a complex and voluminous maneuver may require the use of free and paid programs such as Swiss Backup, Acronis, EaseUS, IDrive, Paragon, Bvckup 2, O & O AutoBackup 6.
Create a backup with Windows
Windows 10 has, like Windows 7 and 8, preinstalled features that allow you to save your documents and re-enter your PC.
Backing up with the History of files
File History is about transferring your data (music, images, documents, videos) to an external hard drive and scheduling your backups.
To locate the data to be transferred, go to Windows search bar and type c:, open the folder usersand then the one who carries your name (c:> Users> Calcarm).
It is strongly recommended to have at least one backup of your most important documents. You could, like some companies, do some 2 or 3 on different media (Cloud, portable hard drive, external SSD, USB drive).
To make your backup with File History, connect an external hard drive to your computer. Then, go to the Start Menu and click settings (wheel dente).
Click on Update and security, then on protection. Select your disk by clicking on the sign +.
When this is done, the option is located next to Add a reader changes in Automatically back up my filesit is active by default. You can deactivate it later.
present, click More options. In this window, you need to determine the frequency of automatic backups and their retention duration. Thus, they will be replaced automatically by more recent ones.
If you want to keep local documents in other folders, just click on Add a folder and select them.
At the bottom of the window, the option Exclude these folders, lets you choose which ones do not save.
Once you are ready, click on Save the data now.
Restore your backup files with Windows 10
Thanks to the function Restore your files using the File Historyyou can find and restore your backup data.
To do this, connect the external disk that served you storage space, then go to the Menu Dmarrer and type Restore your files using the File History.
In the window that opens, you will see all the files saved on your external drive.
With the icons following and Prcdent, choose the documents to restore, they are sorted by date and time, then click on the white arrow on green background to finalize the operation.
This Windows tool is very powerful. Of course, if your external hard drive includes its own restoration program, nothing prevents you from using it.
Dmatrialiss storage services
Dmatrialiss (Cloud) storage services can be an alternative to external hard disk backup or backup.
With a cloud, you have access to your documents from any device and their synchronization is automated.
Dropbox is probably the most popular, but there is also Orange Cloud, OVH, Google Drive, pCloud, or Tresorit.
The majority of these services offer free storage space between 2GB and 10GB. Windows 10 has its own prinstall service, OneDrive (5GB free).
To open a OneDrive account, you must first have an Outlook email address.
As soon as you register, a specific OneDrive folder is created on your computer.
Every document you add will automatically be saved to the cloud. You can have access by connecting from any device (smartphone, tablet …).
Keep in mind that cloud synchronization means that any document deleted from one device will be deleted from all others.
Whatever the chosen cloud, it is always indicated to have a backup on an external hard drive.
Restore your system with Windows 10
Restoring Windows 10 requires much more than a backup. Here, it is a question of recording and reproducing the state of your PC, or copying the operating system in its entirety.
Create a restore point
The restore point is a freeze-frame state of your computer, so it will have a specific date and time. Your data, programs and drivers (graphics card, printer) will be saved.
To access the Windows recovery system, go to Windows search bar, and type Create a restore point.
By default, it is disabled. Activate it by clicking on configuring. Then, in the window that opens, check the box Enable system protection. Finally, click okay.
Now, every time you install a driver or update, Windows will automatically create a restore point.
If you wish, you can create it manually by clicking on the option create.
Create a system image
A system image is the hard copy of the internal hard drive (C 🙂 on your computer.
Unlike saving with the History of files, it is not possible to choose the documents you want to keep.
Also, to make this copy, it is necessary that you have an external hard disk having at least the capacity of storage that your PC.
Before you begin, connect an external storage drive.
Then, since Menu Dmarrer, go to settings (wheel dente) click on Update and security. In the left pane, click backup, then on Access Tool Backup and Restore (Windows 7).
Finally, left click on Create a system image and select your destination disk.
If your PC does not work properly, click Restart now. It will restart from the image you have created and saved.
The system image copy is only used as a last resort, when Windows no longer responds, for example.
Other backup software
Some preferred Windows users are turning to multifunctional software.
EaseUS and Paragon are our favorites, their basic features are free. They allow you to collect data, restore it, save it in a cloud, and even partition your hard disk for better management of your data and programs.
Swiss Backup is a Swiss backup solution (also compatible with macOS, Linux, NAS, iOS, Android …). It allows you to store 200 GB 500 TB of data, which are also figures, in the data centers of Infomaniak, one of the leading hosts in Switzerland.
If you want to have a taste and be sure that this is the software you need, then test first its free version (for 90 days), then its subscription will cost you 2.50 for one month, 200 Go and 1 device. For 1 year, it is 2.25 / month, 2 years 2.13 / month … a safe, effective and inexpensive solution.
Otherwise, there is AOMEI Backupper, it's another very powerful program that suits beginners as well as confirms. Hlas, it is only available in English unlike Swiss backup which is available in French.
(WindowsToTranslate) Windows 10 (t) Windows 8 (t) Windows 7 (t) Backup (t) Restore (t) PC (t) Recovery (t) Data (t) Backup (t) OneDrive (t) System Image (t) t) restore point (t) computers (t) table-of-contents