Difference between hacker, programmer, developer and security researcher

There is always a misconception about understanding the role of a hacker, programmer, developer, and security researcher. We have always been blocked by a quote “Safety is just an illusion”. Why do we usually write this line everywhere? These questions can be asked in interviews or in any IT department. So read this article till the end! and share when you finish it.

All the apps and software we use from starting your computer to shutting it down are built from code. This code is designed by a specific person. Some know this person as ” programmer “, While others know her as” developer “. Basically, in this article, we’re going to really differentiate two similar terms: # 1 would be programmer versus developer, and # 2 would be hack versus security researcher.

However, the function of these four people is completely different. We must therefore erase this doubt once and for all! Below, we have explained in detail the difference between a programmer, developer, hacker, and security researcher. So stay tuned to resolve any doubts you must have on your part.

As an introduction, you can explain the four categories mathematically in the form of a Venn diagram. Think of programmers as a universal set, and developers and hackers intersect subsets of the universal set of programmers. Here is the mathematical illustration of the introduction of programmers, developers and hackers.

Difference between hacker, programmer, developer and security researcher?

# 1 Programmers

A programmer is the most skilled coder and has expertise in only a few programming languages. The basic function of a programmer is to write the codes for a smooth and efficient application. Both hackers and developers are programmers. However, programmers are not meant to be hackers or developers.

# 2 Pirate (Hacker)

A hacker is a creative person who has expertise in various areas such as computer literacy, programming, etc. Hackers are essential in emergency situations and are widely recognized for their speed. A hacker is defined as a person who uses bugs or any other form of error to enter a computer system. A hacker does not create applications but makes changes to them to enter his system.

# 3 Developers

Developers create objects, which is why they are called developers. A developer can find ways to identify and resolve a problem. Developers are responsible for managing the maintainability, performance, robustness, and security of their application.

# 4 Security researcher

Due to the rise in cyber attacks and the origin of new malware, the demand for security researchers is increasing. In short and simple, a security researcher is one who used to find bugs, malware, and exploits in various web applications, simply report them to business owners, and collect security bounties. Unlike hackers, as we told you above. Hacker can sell this same data or could be used for bad associations. The scope of the security researcher job is in high demand.


It’s here difference between a programmer, a hacker, a developer and a security researcher. No need to create any confusion related to these terms. All of these terms are integrated with each other. If you still have any doubts, let us know in the comments section below.